The effect of work-family conflicts on withdrawal behaviours in the healthcare sector

Abdelaziz Rhnima, Claudio E Pousa


Building on two competing theoretical frameworks (the Stress Management Model and the Domain-Specific Predictor-to-Outcomes Model) we developed a model to test the incidence of six forms of work-family interferences (time-, strain- and behavioral-based family interferences with work – FIW – and work interferences with family – WIF) on four withdrawal behaviours (absenteeism, late arrival, early departure, and work interruptions) using cross-sectional data from a sample of nurses working for a regional hospital in Canada.

Data was collected through a paper-and-pen questionnaire and 402 complete questionnaires were analyzed using multivariate regression. Results suggest that the domain-specific predictor-to-outcomes model produces a better explanation of the dependent variables, as the strain-based FIW explain respondents’ absenteism and work interruptions. We didn’t find support for the other hypotheses deduced from this model (influence of time- and behavior-based FIW on withdrawal behaviors) as well as those steming from the stress management model (time-, strain- and behavior-based WIF influence on withdrawal behaviors).

Palabras clave

work-family conflicts, family interferences with work, work interferences with family, stress management model, domain-specific predictor-to-outcomes model, withdrawal behaviours, nurses


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