Local community programmes and successful ageing: A study from the North-East of Portugal

Resumen

The ageing of the population poses challenges for both policies and support systems for older people. In Bragança, a city in the North-East of Portugal, this phenomenon has a great impact and that is why the municipality is implementing community programmes to promote successful ageing. Objective: examine indicators of successful ageing in people aged 55 and over that participate in community programmes, using multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). A total of 50 were randomly selected and another 50 persons joined the previous group according to gender and age stratification criteria, resulting in a total of 100 in two sub-samples: the group that took part in municipal communiy programmes and the group that did not participate in such programmes. In both groups a multidimensional gerontological evaluation was applied to collect sociodemographic characteristics, cognitive performance, psychological well-being, social net work and independence for instrumental activities of daily living . Based on the proximity between the categories of social spaces, it was observed that participants involved in community programmes showed higher levels of psychological well-being and independence in instrumental activities. The group that did not participate in the community programmes showed higher risk of isolation, lower psychological well-being, higher level of dependence and low cognitive performance. The evidence shows the importance of this type of programmes for a successful ageing and that the methodology of multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) stands as a good strategy to evaluate the benefits of these programmes.

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Biografía del autor/a

Maria Helena Pimentel, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança

Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia – 5300-253 Bragança. Unidade de Investigação em Ciências da Saúde: Enfermagem (UICISA: E), Escola Superior de Saúde de Bragança-Portugal; 

Tef. 00351 961340 378.

Helder Jaime Fernandes, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança

Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia – 5300-253 Bragança. Unidade de Investigação em Ciências da Saúde: Enfermagem (UICISA: E), Escola Superior de Saúde de Bragança. 

Carlos Miguel Figueiredo Afonso, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança

Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia – 5300-253 Bragança

Maria Alice Martins da Silva Calçada Bastos, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo

Escola Superior de Educação, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Portugal

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Publicado
2021-01-29
Cómo citar
Pimentel, M. H., Jaime Fernandes, H., Figueiredo Afonso, C. M., & Martins da Silva Calçada Bastos, M. A. (2021). Local community programmes and successful ageing: A study from the North-East of Portugal. Revista Prisma Social, (32), 147-166. Recuperado a partir de https://revistaprismasocial.es/article/view/4035