Traditional stories and the integration of programming and robotics with the Kibo robot


  • Maribel Santos Miranda Pinto Doctora en Educación en el Área de las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación por la Universidad de Minho, Portugal. Docente en el Instituto Politécnico de Viseu/ESE, Portugal
  • Marlene Fernandes Agrupamento de Escolas de Oliveira de Frades

Palabras clave:

Computational Thinking; Programming; Robotics; Preschool; Positive Technology Development; KIBO Robot; Curriculum


This research emerged from the implementation in kindergarten context of the curriculum "Powerful Ideas And The KIBO Robot Curriculum: The Traditional Children's Stories, for The Integration Of Programming And Robotics" developed by (Miranda-Pinto, 2021) in a perspective of replicating this previously designed curriculum. Case study was usedto observe skills associated with computational thinking, in a specific group of pre-school children, having been implemented in June/July 2021, with a duration of 20 hours. The main data collection tool, Positive Technological Development framework (Bers, 2018); (Bers, 2012) was used to observe children's behavior in their activities with the KIBO robot. The results reveal maximum levels of the indicators of the various dimensions (6 «C´s»), which in preschool represents engagement and significant learning. However, this work would have had more consistent results if it had been developed during the whole school year, which is an ideal situation when integrating robotics into preschool curricular activities. Previous research (Miranda-Pinto et al., 2021) allowed us to understand that the most complex programming concepts can be worked on when the work progresses at a playful pace, parallel to the children's learning and gradually throughout the school year.


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Biografía del autor/a

Maribel Santos Miranda Pinto, Doctora en Educación en el Área de las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación por la Universidad de Minho, Portugal. Docente en el Instituto Politécnico de Viseu/ESE, Portugal

Currently coordinates the KML II Project - Laboratory of Programming and Learning Technologies for Preschool and Primary School in Portugal, co-funded by FEDER - European Regional Development Fund through COMPETE 2020 and by FCT ( Attended the Graduate Certificate Program in Early Childhood Technologies at Tuft University in the United States of America (2020/2021). She has a Postdoctoral in the area of Educational Technology with the project entitled "Kids Media Lab: Technologies and the Learning of Programming in Preschool Education" by the University of Minho, which was a project funded by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) under the reference SFRH/BPD/109205/2015. She has a PhD in the scientific branch of Education Sciences, Child Studies and in the knowledge area of Information and Communication Technologies, from the University of Minho, completed in 2009 (, this project was funded by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) under the reference SFRH/BD/22794/2005. She has a post-graduate degree in Multimedia in Education from the University of Aveiro, where she also obtained a degree in Early Childhood Education. She attended the 1st and 2nd year (complete), of the Degree in Institutional Communication, at the Instituto Superior de Ciências da Informação e Administração - ISCIA, in Aveiro, between 1998/1999 and 1999/2000. Since September 2009 she is a full-time and exclusive Adjunct Professor in the area of Information and Communication Technologies, in the Department of Communication and Art, in the School of Education of the Polytechnic Institute of Viseu and since 2016 she joined the staff of the same institution. She has been a researcher at the Center for Research in Education at the University of Minho since 2005. At the School of Education of Viseu she teaches various curricular units of the Masters Courses in Education and Multimedia; Art, Design and Multimedia; Technological Education, Basic Education, Special Education and of the Degree Courses in Social Communication, Visual Arts and Multimedia, Basic Education, Social Education, Public Relations. She is supervisor of several master's and undergraduate projects in the areas of ICT, Educational Technology, Art, Design and Multimedia, Education and Multimedia. She has published a book (org.) infância no digital and Aprender com Robôs, several book chapters, articles in international journals and communications in national and international conferences. Besides the dynamization of @rcaComum ( and Kids Media Lab ( and KML2 (, his areas of research and interest are online CoP, learning communities, computational thinking, programming languages (ScratchJr and Scratch), educational robotics, mobile learning, teacher training. He is a member of scientific committees of several indexed journals and international and national conferences.

Marlene Fernandes, Agrupamento de Escolas de Oliveira de Frades

Educadora de Infância no Agrupamento de Escolas de Oliveira de Frades


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Cómo citar

Santos Miranda Pinto, M., & Fernandes, M. (2022). Traditional stories and the integration of programming and robotics with the Kibo robot. Revista Prisma Social, (38), 37–76. Recuperado a partir de